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Editorial du N° 144   Eulogos a lancé son opération "FOOD for THOUGHT" (matières à réflexions)

pdf mise en ligne :16 05 2014 ( NEA say… n° 144 )

LIBRE CIRCULATION DES PERSONNES > Elargissement

A l'occasion de la campagne électorale, Eulogos met son expérience, de bientôt dix ans, au service de la construction d'un espace public européen.Il pose 15 questions aux députés européens de la commission LIBE (libertés civiles, justice et affaires intérieures) ainsi qu'aux cinq "candidats" à la présidence de la Commission européenne.Ce projet s'inscrit dans la durée: à l'avenir nous poserons régulièrement les mêmes questions et/ou d'autres questions aux députés européens nouvellement élus ainsi que, dans tout la mesure du possible, aux élus nationaux.Contact pour organiser un interview et/ou répondre au questionnaire par écrit: Info@eu-logos.org. Les réponses sont publiées sur le site de EU-LOGOS.ORG dans la rubrique VIP CORNER .
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
Question Time: managing the priorities
Commission candidates’ perspectives on Immigration

Who are we? At its tenth year of activity and 60 000 monthly visits, EU-LOGOS Athèna is an information tool, an agora where to hear the different voices engaged in the making of a public European space.Since the tragedy occurred off the coast of Lampedusa in October 2013 the Mediterranean has witnessed the ineffectiveness of the European efforts in the management of migration flows.

The issue of migration represents a fault line in the European election debate. All the five candidates to the European Commission’s presidency have been put under scrutiny with regard of their position on asylum, migration policies, social integration and external border control.

EU-Logos Athèna has summarized the various candidates’ positions on this issue through the analysis of public electoral confrontations and political manifestos. EU-Logos Athèna is posingfive questionswith the aim of clarifying and further developing the general political positions expressed by the candidates.

Martin Schultz (PES) | Ska Keller (GREENS) | Jean-Claude Juncker (EPP) | Alexis Tsipras (GUE/NGL) | GuyVerhofstadt (ALDE)

Question Time:

1.How should the EU address the humanitarian crises happening outside its borders?

2.The Common European Asylum System: how to ensure its effective implementation in Member States and guarantee the responsibility sharing between Member States?

3.Is immigration a threat or an opportunity for economic growth? How to ensure a functioning system of legal economic migration at a EU level?

4.Illegal immigration and external border control: would you strengthen the patrol or rather opt for a stronger economiccooperationwith third countries?

5.Trans-border crime poses serious problems with regard to smuggling and human trafficking: is it possible to fight those phenomena at EU level and how?


           MARTIN SHULTZ (PES - MANIFESTO)


     1. Legal economic migration policy
“Europe is a continent of migration- with many Europeans emigrating to other parts of the world while many others flocked to Europe”. Nevertheless, unlike the major migration areas as United States and Canada, European Union lacks a clear migration policy. The time has come to set up a long term vision aiming to turn migrants in an economic and social opportunity for Europe which is needing to attract skills for its labor market. Consequently, M. Schulz considers a selective approach as being the most appropriate way to address migration mobility, also because “not everyone can come”. To perform such a European migration system it is primordial to create “a mutual understanding on quotas” among EU member states.

2. Integration
The PES manifesto stresses the importance both to fight firmly against xenophobia, hate and division and create a Europe that defends diversity and respects everybody’s rights and obligations. Migrants must have a real opportunity to find a place in Europe and to play a positive role.

3. Common European Asylum System
Protection of people escaping from persecutions and civil wars is not only an European international obligation, but also an European essential value. In M. Schulz’ view, the fundamental guideline to implement a Common European Asylum System is to ensure loyalty and solidarity along all 28 Member States with a fair sharing of responsibilities. Indeed, managing asylum seekers coming to Europe is not “a Maltese, Greek, Italian or Bulgarian issue”, but a European one. M. Schulz does not consider Dublin Regulation reform as being the most appropriate path to solve contrasts among EU member states since “its goal is in a way limited and there are problems which are not addressed by this regulation”.

4. Illegal Immigration and Border Control
The basic guiding principle in dealing with migrants attempting to cross illegally European external borders should be to uphold human life and dignity knowing that “every life counts” and “every single life lost off our shores, man, woman or child, is a stain on our civilization”. Tackling the illegal migration phenomena and empowering the European Member States’ capacities to save migrants in distress require six first class actions:establishing a clear and rule-based approach to avoid misunderstandings between the MSs, share responsibilities and act in solidarity;fighting against smuggling and human trafficking;strengthening coordination amid the Member States in Search and Rescue operations;addressing causes of illegal immigration by the means of reforming human rights and improving economic and social conditions in origin and transit third countries;ensuring that no ship master should be afraid of prosecution while saving lives;Syrian and Central African Refugees.

5. Syrien and Central African refugees
Temporary protection is the most efficient and effective mean by which EU can protect people fleeing civil wars and humanitarian crisis such as the Syrian and Central African ones, even though it calls for conditions and timeframes.


SKA KELLER (GREENS - MANIFESTO)


1. Legal economic migration policy
The GREENS want to establish legal channel for migration. Ska Keller thinks asylum system is blocked by fences all around Europe. At the European presidential debate, contrary to her opponents who want a controlled economic immigration, she wants to open Europe to refugees and asylum seekers. In her way, Europe should use a humanitarian visa for refugees.

2. Integration
Ska Keller fought for a more humane and human right orientated Refugee and Migration policy in the EU. And she wants to ensure a stronger family tie. According to their manifesto and priorities, we can say that the Greens see integration and migration like a opportunity.

3. Common European Asylum System
Ska Keller is in favor of a common EU policy on asylum that guarantees solidarity among Member States. There have been many disasters in EU, and we cannot continue like this, the EU migration policy needs a radical change. The problem is that members states are not willing at all to do more for asylum, to cooperate and to go under binding rules and rules are not implemented by them. For example, with the rule of the “first entry”, asylum seekers find inadequate and dysfunctional asylum system like in Greece, Italy or Malta. We have to find a way of allowing people to decide themselves where they want to apply.She thinks that legal access reform and human rights should be on the top of the agenda. According to Ska Keller, EU has to complete the reform of asylum system, offer a fair system and guarantee legal procedure. Unless the EU is not “worthy of its Nobel Prize”.

4. Illegal migration
The current EU policy is unacceptable. The EU should adopt long-term humanitarian measures to cope with illegal immigration. EU should create “more legal ways of entry, more effective to dry out the illegal migration”.The Greens seems to agree with this cooperation with origin and transit countries. European governments can work with migrant-sending countries over the long term to foster development, increase in job opportunities for example. The Greens had an important impact on improving the regulation on Frontex. The regulation ensures better rules on rescuing migrants at sea and legalizing push backs. The regulation is not sufficient on protecting refugees compare to legalizing push backs. So the Greens wants Frontex to comply with its obligation and European case law on the principle of non-refoulement and the protection of refugees at sea is an “inviolable principle” that the EU should uphold and so, some concerns remain with Frontex operations.Ska Keller said that “The more difficult the EU makes for people to reach EU territory the more it actually fosters the dirty and illegal business of smuggling," adding that notwithstanding the need to fight smuggling and trafficking of human beings, providing more legal ways of entry for refugees and migrants would be more effective to dry out the illegal business.” It’s one of their tenth priorities for the campaign. The Greens want to avoid a “Fortress Europe” by “making Europe a fair haven for refugees and keeping the door open to future enlargement of the EU”.

5. Syrien and Central African refugees
Ska Keller said that millions of Syrian refugees took a dangerous journey through the Mediterranean, and if EU wants to be worthy of its Nobel Prize, we should open doors to people who want to find protection out of Syria, we have to look closely to what we can do to prevent crisis. There is a big amount of refugees in Lebanon (1 million), Turkey, Jordan, whereas Europe has only let in around 12,500 refugees. The Europe needs to be more welcoming towards Syrian refugees.